This tutorial assumes that you have already setup the Amazon cloud account and you know how to launch an instance. Just like we did in the last tutorial, go to the Amazon AWS console and click on the ‘Launch instance’ button. Now, you can see a new widow that has popped up. Go to the ‘Community AMIs’ tab and search for ‘smash’.
Then select ‘smash1111_dev.manifest.xml’ (probably the first one in the list) and proceed to the next stage.
In the next stage, you can enter your own username and password for the Smash application server. You need to remember these values as we need to enter them later.
And, then select the security group (make sure that you have added SSH and HTTPS) and the key you created for the current zone.
Now your instance will start showing up under the ‘Running instances’ menu. Right click on the instance and select the ‘connect’ option (please see the earlier tutorial for details). And you will see a help box:
Please copy the command shown in the box. You need this for connecting from the terminal.
ssh –i YourKey.pem [email protected]
You may note that ec2-184-73-3-248.compute-1.amazonaws.com is the Public DNS of your deployed instance. Now go to:
And accept the Smash and Amazon licenses. You have to enter your username and password to confirm the identity. Now open your terminal and enter the line you copied from the AWS console page
ssh –i YourKey.pem [email protected]
Now you can SSH to your AMI (which is a SUSE Linux based one) :
Uploading the EC2 API tools
Download the EC2 API package from the official website and secure copy (scp) it to your AMI:
scp –i US-East.pem ~/your_directory/ec2-api-tools.zip [email protected]:/home
Before issuing this command, make sure that your have a ‘home’ directory in your AMI (if not, create – ‘mkdir’- one). This will copy the file from your system to the ‘home’ directory of your AMI.
Now upzip the zipped file and move them to /ec2tools/ folder (You can choose any directory name you like):
mv ec2-api-tools-* ec2tools
Similarly upload your certificate and private key to the ‘home’ folder.
Open you .bashrc file (using vi) and enter the following:
Please note that you need to edit the above lines in order to match your file names. Save the file by hitting ‘Esc :wq!’ (if you in vi).
Installing an application
Let’s write a Java application and compile from the AMI. For doing this, we need to install JAVA in the machine. Download the jdk-6u18-linux-i586-rpm.bin file from Sun’s website. Secure copy the file in the same way as we did in the case of EC2 Tools.
Now issue the following from the terminal – which we used for SSH (you should be in the AMI’s terminal for issuing these):
chmod +x jdk-6u18-linux-i586-rpm.bin
This will work if you are already in the ‘home’ directory and will install JAVA in the machine.
Now write a simple program in JAVA and compile it (use ‘javac’) from the AMI terminal. Now we have ‘some data’ in our machine. If we terminate the instance, then this data will be lost. This is the reason why we use a storage service (S3) along with EC2.
In order to store the data, we need to bundle it. For that, issue the following command:
ec2-bundle-vol -d /home/EC2IMAGE -k /home/pk-aasisvinayak-aws.pem -c /home/cert-aasisvinayak-aws.pem -u YOUR_ACCOUNT_NO -r i386 -p smashjava.img –e /tmp
This will ‘bundle’ our data as a package. Please note that we are skipping few directories as these contain generic and unwanted data.
This command will generate a set of image files. You may note that this process takes a couple of minutes.
ec2-upload-bundle -b vinayak-bucket -m /home/EC2IMAGE/smashjava.img.manifest.xml -a ACCESS_ID -s SECRET_ID
(Please replace the text by your access and secret id, which you can get from AWS website)
Also, note that you can give any name for your bundle. But you need to remember the name your have given. This command will upload all the images files to the storage base.
And this step will also take a couple of minutes to complete.
Now go to your AWS console and select AMI from the sidebar. This allows you to register a new image. Click on the ‘register new image’ button and enter:
(Please edit the name as you like).
Alternatively you may register it from the command line using:
Now this will appear in the list of AMIs owned by you.
Whenever you want to continue working on that project, you can launch your AMI and continue working.
If you install the EC2 API in your local machine, them you can monitor all the activities directly from the terminal (see the screen shot given below)
You can also download the image files to your computer and manage your S3 space efficiently. I will be covering those aspects in the next edition.